Zarflar, bir eylem hakkında bilgi veren, onların niteleyen kelimelerdir. Eylemin oluş şeklini, hangi boyutta veya ölçüde olduğunu, ne dereceye kadar olduğunu v.s anlatabilir; eyleme yer, zaman, tarz konusunda bilgiler ekleyebilir.
Örneğin; "Yılan hızla gitti" cümlesinde "hızla" kelimesi bir zarftır. Hızla kelimesi yılanın yaptığı hareketin "nasıl" olduğunu anlatır.
Zarflar, fiillerin dışında, diğer zarfları, sıfatları kelime grubunu ve cümleleri niteleyebilir.
The package is "extremely large".
We experienced "relatively few" difficulties.
Buses depart "quite regularly".
Adverbs of Manner (tarz)
Tarz zarfları çoğunlukla bir şeyin yapılış tarzını, nasıl yapıldığını anlatır.
quickly, quietly,loudly, bravely, happily, slowly, fast, well
He swims fast.
She sings the song beautifully.
He ate the chocolate cake greedily.
She moved slowly and spoke quietly.
Tom coughed loudly to attract her attention.
Adverbs of Place (yer)
Yer zarfları "yer" konusunda bilgi verir.
southwards, anywhere, around, there, everywhere, upstairs, downstairs, nearby
I looked everywhere
John looked around
I'm going out.
He threw the towel downstairs.
The girl is there
She still lives there now.
Cats don't usually walk backwards.
Adverbs of Frequency (sıklık)
always, sometimes,regularly, frequently, annualy, twice, often, never, occasionally
I visit her frequently
I always get up late.
I sometimes watch tv.
The book is published annually
She often goes by herself.
She cleans her room daily
He visits his mother regularly
Adverbs of Time (zaman)
presently, currently, nowadays, now, soon, yet, still, then, today, tomorrow
She currently works as a newscaster
She tries to get back before dark.
It's starting to get dark now.
She finished her tea first.
She left early.
Adverbs of Degree (derece/miktar)
nearly, rather, quite, just, too, enough, hardly, scarcely, completely, very, extremely
The man was rather nice.
I have almost finished it.
The tea was extremely hot.
Ayşe didn't work hard enough to pass the exam.
They are completely exhausted from the trip.
Adverbs of Certanity (kesinlik)
certainly, definitely, probably, undoubtedly, surely
He is probably in the room.
He has certainly forgotten my birthday.
Undoubtedly, Atatürk was a great politician.